Prolapsed intervertebral disc is the sudden or slowly progressing movement of one intervertebral disc backwards into the spinal channel. Therefore the pressure on the nerve roots can cause pain, weakness of movement, numbness or heightened sensation in the nerve root area. One of the causes is the weakening or a tearing of the tissue ring due to over straining of the vertebral column. This usually is caused by wear and tear. Other risk factors for prolapsed intervertebral discs are obesity and pregnancy.
In order to diagnose a prolapsed intervertebral disc a thorough physical examination is conducted. It can help to exclude a disturbance of the blood supply or circulation of the legs and enables the doctor to draw conclusions as to the location, grade of the prolapse and the extent of the neurological involvement. An x-ray helps in diagnosis as it enables the doctor to look at the bone structure of the vertebral column. An MRI is the most definitive scan as it can show how many levels are involved, the size of each prolapsed disc, and the extent of the nerve root impingement
There are several treatment possibilities to relieve the acute pain: pain-killers, relaxants, anti inflammatory drugs, ice and heat packs, physiotherapy and even surgery. These methods, however, only help combat the symptoms, and not the real root cause of the problem (except some herniated disc alternative treatment options). There are different treatments depending on condition which Dr.Kevin yip will advise during the consultation, if there is a need for a treatment or surgery. For an appointment with Dr.Kevin yip please call +65 6471 2691(24hours).